When the gum tissue starts to wear away or pulls down to expose the root of the tooth, your teeth can become more sensitive and receding gums can affect the way your smile looks. Gum recession often indicates that gingivitis has progressed to periodontal disease, but may also indicate the presence of mechanical and functional issues. Once the gums have started to recede and wear away, they do not grow back. If you do not receive treatment in a timely manner, you could end up losing your teeth.
Gums recede very gradually and most people do not realize that there is a problem until they start to experience symptoms such as tooth sensitivity or notice that their teeth are starting to appear larger than normal.
Causes of Gum Recession
Some of the most common causes of gum recession include:
- Periodontal Disease
- This is a bacterial infection in the mouth that can cause loss of attachment between the gums and teeth due to bone loss.
- Some people are predisposed to developing gum disease.
- Tooth Brushing Habits
- Using the wrong tooth brushing technique or type of toothbrush can contribute to gum recession.
- Poor Dental Hygiene
- Excessive plaque and bacterial buildup can set the stage for gingivitis, which can lead to periodontal disease.
- Hormonal Changes
- Changing hormone levels can make the gums more prone to infections.
- Using Tobacco Products
- Using tobacco products can cause an increase in plaque formation and also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
- Grinding and Clenching Teeth
- Too much pressure on the teeth can make the teeth shift and cause gum recession.
- Crooked Teeth
- If you have a misaligned bite or crooked teeth, you may end up developing receding gums.
- Oral Piercings
- Tongue or lip jewelry can irritate the gum tissue and wear it down.
Left untreated, gingivitis can easily progress to periodontitis, which is a primary cause of receding gum tissue. If you would like to learn more about gum recession in San Diego, CA or seek early treatment for gingivitis, set up your appointment with Drs. Huamán and Flores today!